Julio Cortázar

Julio Cortázar
He was born in Brussels, Belgium on August 26th, 1914, even though his parents were Argentineans. His family returned to Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 1918, where he continued his studies.
In 1955, he ended his degree as a secondary-level teacher. He was a Professor at the University of Cuyo and at the University of Mendoza, Argentina. Nevertheless, he had the necessity to give up teaching as a consequence of his political participation throughout Peronism.
He worked as an independent translator in various international organisms, like UNESCO, during several years. He translated important literary figures, such as Gide, Chesterton, Henry Bremond, Defoe and Marguerite Yourcenar. In 1951, he obtained a scholarship from the French government, which gave him the opportunity to travel to Paris; and that was the beginning of his voluntary exile from Argentina. In 1982, Cortázar was given the french nationality.
His novels and short stories have made him famous internationally. He is now considered one of the greatest rejuvenators of the literary creation of this century. He awakened the world’s attention for his particular way of narrating and his original form of expression, which lets the reader have a glance of the numerous influences that guided him through his creative development.
His literary refinement and endless interest on social causes (such as his important support towards the Cuban Revolution in 1959) make him an astonishing figure. Julio Cortázar died in Paris on February 14th 1984 and was buried at Montparnasse cemetery in Paris.

 

  • Presencia (1938)
  • Los reyes (1949)
  • Divertimento (1949; 1986)
  • El examen (1950; 1986)
  • Bestiario (1951)
  • Final del juego (1956)
  • Las armas secretas (1959)
  • Los premios (1960)
  • Historia de cronopios y de famas (1952)
  • Rayuela (1963)
  • Todos los fuegos el fuego (1966)
  • La vuelta al día en 80 mundos (1967)
  • 62. Modelo para armar (1968)
  • Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (1968)
  • Último round (1969)
  • Viaje alrededor de una mesa (1970)
  • Pameos y meopas (1971)
  • Prosa del observatorio (1972)
  • Libro de Manuel (1973)
  • La casilla de los Morelli (1973)
  • Octaedro (1974)
  • Silvalandia (1975)
  • Estrictamente no profesional. Humanario (1976)
  • Los relatos (1976)
  • Alguien que anda por ahí (1977)
  • Territorios (1978)
  • Un tal Lucas (1979)
  • Queremos tanto a Glenda (1981)
  • Presencia (1983)
  • Los autonautas de la cosmopista (1983)
  • Deshoras (1983)
  • Nicaragua, tan violentamente dulce (1983)
  • Alto Perú (1984)
  • Argentina, años de alambradas culturales (1984)
  • Nada a Pehuanjó y adiós, Robinson (1984)
  • Salvo el crepúsculo (1984)
  • Obra crítica (1994)
  • El diario de Andrés Fava (1995)
  • Fantomas contra los vampiros multinacionales (1975; 2002)
  • La raíz del Ombú (2004)
  • Papeles inesperados (2009)